Carmena Raffaele Interview (Part of the Italian American Oral History Project)
- Raffaele, Carmena (Interviewee, Person)
Raffaele gives a history of her father and 3 uncles who came to the United States. Two stayed and two went to Canada. They farmed and worked in limestone quarries. Her father also worked on the Sault Locks as a blaster. She talks about Italian social life, such as food, holidays, and making wine. Midwifery and home remedies were fairly common. She also discusses Mussolini and fascism and how it affected the Italians in the area and her family. Recorded at Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish Carmena Raffaele Interview (Part of the Italian American Oral History Project), must be obtained from the University Archivist. The University Archivist may be reached by phone at 906-227-1225, or e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org. The University Archivist may also be reached in Room 126 of the Learning Resource Center, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, MI.
1 item (1 sound file (84 min.))
Existence and Location of Originals
MSS-202, Italian American Oral History Project
- Italian Americans. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Oral histories (document genres). Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Sault Sainte Marie (Mich.). Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Streaming audio. Subject Source: Local sources
- Upper Peninsula (Mich.). Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings