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Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection

 Collection
Identifier: MSS-363

Content Description

The Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection contains one Highway Department Railway map of the Marquette Shoreline and Profile maps, right-of-way maps, station maps, maps of lands, tracks, and structures associated with the railroad, and railroad track scale drawings pertaining to the following railroads:

Soo Line Railroad (SOO) (1949-present); Duluth, South Shore, & Atlantic Railway (DSS&A) (1879-1961); Minneapolis-St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railroad (MStP&SSM) (SOO) (1883-1961), commonly referred to as The Soo; Mineral Range Railroad (MRRR) (1871-1949), started as the Galena & Chicago Union railroad.

The documents in MSS-363, The Soo Line Railroad collection are separated into five levels of organization:

3 Record Groups -- arranged in hierarchical order starting with the parent railroad Sub-group -- arranged by type of map and then alphabetically Series -- arranged by division and then alphabetically File -- arranged in numerical order by station number (this level is only used for the DSS&A Mackinaw Division maps that are a single roll document composed of six separate maps) Item -- arranged alphabetically

Dates

  • 1912 - 1998

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

No restrictions. Open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish material from MSS-363, Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection, must be obtained from the University Archivist. The University Archivist may be reached by phone at 906-227-1225, or e-mail, archives@nmu.edu. The University Archivist may also be reached in Room 126 of the Learning Resource Center, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, MI.

Biographical / Historical

MSS-363: Soo Line Railroad (SOO) (1949-present), operated by Canadian Pacific Railway (CP), was incorporated on October 19, 1949 in Minnesota as the Duluth South Shore & Atlantic Railroad (DSS&A) as part of a plan to reorganize the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway and its subsidiary Mineral Range Railroad (MRRR). On January 1, 1961, Canadian Pacific Railway consolidated several subsidiaries and merged three railways: Minneapolis-St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railroad (MStP&SSM), Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railway, and Wisconsin Central Railroad (WC), and renamed it to the present name of the Soo Line Railroad. The railroad operated 4693 miles of road on 6104 miles of track at the end of 1970. The Soo Line Corporation, a holding company incorporated by Canadian Pacific Railway in 1984, had total control over the railroad. In January 1986, two more railroads were merged into the Soo Line: Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway (MNS) acquired in 1982 and the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (MILW) acquired while in bankruptcy in 1985. The Lake States Transportation Division (LSTD) was created on February 10, 1986 to cut costs and to operate the Soo Line’s less-important lines. The Soo Line Corporation, after failing to implement proposed labor rule changes, sold the 2,000 mile Lake States Transportation Division (LTSD) for $133 million in 1987 to Wisconsin Central Ltd., now part of the Canadian National Railway (CN). Canadian Pacific Railway gained full control over the Soo Line Corporation in 1990.

Extent

10 boxes

Arrangement

This collection, MSS-363, The Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection is separated into five levels of organization.

3 Record Groups: arranged in hierarchical order starting with the parent railroad Sub-group: arranged by type of map and then alphabetically Series: arranged by division and then alphabetically File: arranged in numerical order by station number (this level is only used for the DSS&A Mackinaw Division maps that are a single roll document composed of six separate maps) Item: arranged alphabetically

Custodial History

Marcus Robyns and Bruce Sarjeant obtained the collection in 2015 from the donor's wife in Ishpeming. The wife indicated that her husband worked for the Canadian National Railroad in Escanaba. As workers prepared to destroy the material, Barry Williams transferred as much as he could to his car and brought the collection home.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The materials in Accession M15-11 were received from Barry A. and Cristin R. Williams of Ishpeming, Michigan, as a gift in 2015.

Deed of Gift and Agreement, signed by both individuals and dated May 4, 2015, is on file at the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives. The original document is maintained in the Donor File for collection MSS-363, The Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection, with a copy filed in the Donor File for this collection.

Accruals

The Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives will continue to add materials to this collection as it becomes available.

Related Materials

Researchers interested in the freight and passenger services provided by the railroad companies serving the Upper Peninsula of Michigan may also consider the following materials that are available at the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives (http://www.nmu.edu/archives/home-page) and the Lydia M. Olson Library (http://library.nmu.edu). The finding aids for these collections of the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives are accessible online at http://aspace.nmu.edu:8081.

3302-01: Northern Michigan University and Area Audio Collection ARCHIV-003: Vertical File ARCHIV-014: Photographic File ARCHIV-016: Maps and Plans CCI: Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Mining Company Records MSS-016: Marquette Lower Harbor Iron Ore Dock Blueprints MSS-076: Charles H. Varnum papers MSS-078: Dominic J. Jacobetti papers MSS-130: Roscoe C. Young Autobiography MSS-173: Bay de Noquet Company and Oconto Company records MSS-317: Russell Magnaghi papers MSS-329: Stewart A. Kingsbury papers MSS-347: The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company pension records MSS-363: The SOO Line Railroad (SOO) collection MSS-378: Wisconsin Central Ltd. (WC) collection MSS-379: Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad (LS&I) collection

The following materials are available through the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives and the Lydia M. Olson Library. Additional information is available by utilizing OneSearch to access the Library Catalog database online at http://library.nmu.edu.

“A Railroad Atlas of the United States in 1946. Vol. 4, Illinois, Wisconsin & Upper Michigan” by Richard C. Carpenter (2011). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: G1201.P3 C3 2003 vol. 4]

“All Aboard! A History of Railroads in Michigan” by Willis Frederick Dunbar (1966). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: HE2771.M5 D9]

“A Map of Logging Railroads in Upper Michigan’s East-Central Region, 1879-1965: Located in Parts of Alger, Luce, Mackinac and Schoolcraft Counties” by James L. Carter (2006). [Location: NMU Maps] [Call Number: G4112.U6P3 1965.C3]

“Along the Tracks: A Directory of Named Places on Michigan Railroads” by Graydon M. Meints (1987). [Location: NMU Books; NMU Archives] [Call Number: F564.M46 1987]

“C&NW’s Iron Ore Route” produced by Plets Express (1994). [Location: NMU Media] [Call Number: HE2791.C48 C44 1994]

“From Marquette, Michigan to Negaunee, Michigan, 1845-1857: The Plank Road and the First Railroad” by Robert D. Dobson (2007). [Location: NMU Archives] [Call Number: TE245.D63 2007]

“Great Railroad Conspiracy: The Social History of a Railroad War” by Charles Hirschfield (1953). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: HE2791.M6325 H5]

“History of the Canadian Pacific” by W. Kaye Lamb (1977). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: TF27.C3 L35]

“Keweenaw Central Railroad and the Crestview Resort” by Clarence J. Monette (1997). [Location: NMU Archives] [Call Number: HE2791.K553 M66 1997]

“Lake Superior Iron Ore Railroads” by Patrick C. Dorin (1977). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: TF677.D66 1977]

“Lake Superior & Ishpeming, Volume I, LS&I Mine Trains” produced by Plets Express (2002). [Location: NMU Media] [Call Number: HE2791.L2805 L25 2002]

“Lake Superior & Ishpeming, Volume II, Hill and Dock Trains” produced by Plets Express (2002). [Location: NMU Media] [Call Number: HE2791.L2805 L26 2002]

“Michigan Railroads and Railroad Companies” by Graydon M. Meints (1992). [Location: NMU Documents] [Call Number: TF24.M5 M45 1992]

“Michigan’s Railroad History: 1825-2014” edited by Michigan, Department of Transportation (2014). [Location: NMU Documents] [Call Number: HE2771.M5 M5 1987]

“Northland Baldwins and the E&LS” produced by Plets Express (1996). [Location: NMU Media] [Call Number: HE2791.E83 N67 1996]

“Official Railway Map, February 1978: Michigan” edited by Michigan, Department of State Highways and Transportation (1978). [Location: NMU Maps] [Call Number: G4111.P3 1978.M5]

“Railroads for Michigan” by Graydon M. Meints (2012). [Location: NMU Electronic Resources] [No Call Number – eBook]

“Railroads for Michigan” by Graydon M. Meints (2013). [Location: NMU Electronic Resources] [No Call Number – eBook]

“Railroads in Michigan: A Catalog of Company Publications, 1836-1980” by Le Roy Barnett (1986). [Location: NMU Books; NMU Archives; NMU Archives Special Collections] [Call Number: TF24.M5 B37 1986]

“The Copper Range Railroad” by Clarence J. Monette (1989). [Location: NMU Archives] [Call Number: TF25.C67 M66 1989]

“The Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railway: DSS&A: A History of the Lake Superior District’s Pioneer Iron Ore Hauler” by John Gaertner (2009). [Location: NMU Books; NMU Archives Special Collections] [Call Number: TF25.D857 G37 2009]

“The Haywire: A Brief History of the Manistique & Lake Superior Railroad” by Hugh A. Hornstein (2005). [Location: NMU Books] [Call Number: HE2791.M283 H67 2005]

“The Iron Range and Huron Bay Railroad: The Railroad that Never Ran” by Robert D. Dobson (2004). [Location: NMU Archives] [Call Number: HE2771.M5 D63 2004]

“The Mineral Range Railroad” by Clarence J. Monette (1993). [Location: NMU Archives] [Call Number: HE2791.M563 M66 1993]

“Transportation Map of Michigan” prepared by U.S. Geological Survey for the Office of Policy and Program Development, Federal Railroad Administration, United States Department of Transportation (1976). [Location: NMU Maps SuDocs (Map Area)] [Call Number: TD 3.16: T 68/2/975-76/19 Z]

“Union Pacific” by Maury Klein (1997). [Location: NMU Books] [TF25.U5 K53 1987]

Condition Description

Most maps have tears around their periphery, slight water damage, and all maps are currently rolled up. Tears have been repaired and maps are being stored rolled in tube containers.

General

The Historical/Biographical note and the Scope and Contents note were compiled from information retrieved from the collection, MSS-363, Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection, and from the Source Materials listed below.

Berry, Dale. 2016. “Railroad History of Michigan.” RRHX: Michigan’s Internet Railroad History Museum. Accessed August 18. http://www.michiganrailroads.com/RRHX/RRHXHome.htm.

Bowen & Co., B. F. 1916. Bowen’s Michigan State Atlas: Containing a Separate Map of Each County, Showing Section, Township and Range Lines, Railroad and Interurban Lines...with a Historical Sketch of Each County...Also Containing Maps of Michigan, the United States and the World. Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bowen & Co. http://name.umdl.umich.edu/2911289.0001.001.

Commission, Michigan Railroad. 1910. Annual Report of the Michigan Railroad Commission. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company, state printers.

Fergusson, Jim. 2015. “Michigan Railroads (1)-SL205: Passenger Stations & Stops.” http://www.railwaystationlists.co.uk/pdfusarr/michiganrrs1uprp.pdf.

History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan Containing a Full Account of Its Early Settlement; Its Growth, Development and Resources; An Extended Description of Its Iron and Copper Mines. 1883. Chicago, IL: The Western Historical Company. https://archive.org/stream/arg9598.0001.001.umich.edu#page/n5/mode/2up.

Meints, Graydon M. 1992. Michigan Railroads & Railroad Companies. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.

“Soo Line Railroad.” 2016. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soo_Line_Railroad&oldid=743567878.
Title
The Soo Line Railroad (SOO) collection
Status
Completed
Author
Glenda K. Ward, Arrangement and Description Specialist
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives Repository

Contact:
Harden Learning Resources Center 126
1401 Presque Isle Ave
Marquette 49855 United States
906-227-1225
906-227-1333 (Fax)

ABOUT THIS COLLECTION GUIDE

This is your guide to our historical collections of personal papers, organizational records, and manuscripts. Our collections cover such topics as Northern Michigan University history, the local iron mining industry, and the politics, economics, religion, environment, and culture of the Central Upper Peninsula region. Search by Keyword, Name, Title, Subject, or Collecting Areas. The finding aids for our collections will give you an overview of the contents and information on where they are located.


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